《服务器和数据中心虚拟化》(VMware vSphere)4.0u4,4.1u2,5.0[光盘镜像]

中文名: 服务器和数据中心虚拟化

英文名: VMware vSphere

资源格式: 光盘镜像

版本: 4.0u4,4.1u2,5.0

发行时间: 2011年08月25日

制作发行: www.vmware.com

地区: 美国

语言: 简体中文,英文

简介:

附近年主要版本发布时间:

5.0.0     2011/08/24

4.1 Update 2 2011/10/27

4.1 Update 1 2011/02/10

4.1 2010/07/13

4.0 Update 4 2011/11/17

4.0 Update 3 2011/05/05

4.0 Update 2 2010/06/10

4.0 Update 1 2009/11/19

4.0.0 2009/05/21

杀毒软件:Norton 360

病毒库:2011-11-21

VMware vSphere 5:最佳云基础架构平台

7月13日,VMware发布了 vSphere 5和云基础架构套件,旨在帮助客户加快发展更为高效的自动化云基础架构和管理,改进管理和保护资源的方式,并最终改进IT和其服务业务之间的关系。

做为VMware最新的云基础架构套件的核心,VMware vSphere 5包括将近200项新增强功能,为虚拟化设定了新的标杆。VMware vSphere是全球最值得信赖、部署最广泛的虚拟化平台。专为满足最广泛的虚拟和云基础架构需求而打造的VMware vSphere被大中小型企业、公共云服务提供商广泛应用,并成为日益增长的虚拟化桌面基础设施(VDI)市场的基石。越来越多的客户把VMware vSphere作为标准,将其作为战略IT平台。因此,VMware vSphere吸引了广大支持并扩展该基础的行业领导厂商生态系统。

VMware vSphere 5 的功能和好处

VMware vSphere 5中的增强功能和新功能将为所有关键应用程序提供更好的应用性能以及可用性,并引入先进的自动化功能,使IT部门从手工操作中解放出来,集中精力响应业务需求,其中包括:

虚拟机规模增加 4 倍,可支持任何应用程序:凭借VMware vSphere 5,VMware将使客户更轻松地实现100%虚拟化。VMware vSphere 5能够运行功能比VMware vSphere 4强大4倍的虚拟机,最多支持1TB内存和32个虚拟CPU。这些虚拟机每秒能够处理超过100万次I/O操作。例如,VMware vSphere 5能支持每天处理超过20亿次交易的数据库。

vSphere 高可用性( HA )的更新为非计划内停机提供了最佳保护:VMware vSphere将采用新的HA架构,它不仅能够更轻松地设置(客户可在几分钟之内通过HA设置应用程序),而且更具可扩展性,提供卓越的可用性保障。

智能策略管理:三个新的自动化增强功能将提供云敏捷性。VMware vSphere 5将引入三个可自动化数据中心资源管理的新功能,帮助IT部门更迅速地响应业务需求,同时降低运营成本。这些功能将提供智能策略管理:对数据中心资源管理采用无需干预式方案。客户将制定策略并建立操作参数,剩下的事情将由VMware vSphere 5来完成。VMware vSphere 5智能策略管理功能包括:

ü 自动部署将使IT部门得以随时自动部署服务器,并能够将部署一个含40台服务器数据中心的时间从20小时缩短至10分钟。一旦服务器部署好并开始运行,自动部署也将对打补丁流程进行自动化,使其能够立即将补丁应用于众多服务器。

ü 配置驱动型存储 将减少选择存储资源所需要的步骤,这是通过根据用户定义的策略(比如:黄金级、白银级、青铜级)来对存储进行分组而实现的。在配置过程中,客户轻松点击,即可制定虚拟机所需要的服务级别,VMware vSphere将自动使用与这个服务级别相匹配的存储资源。

ü Storage DRS 将延伸VMware于2006年首次通过 Distributed Resource Scheduler而推出的自动负载平衡功能,本次新增了存储特性支持。一旦客户设置了虚拟机的存储策略,Storage DRS将自动管理存储资源的位置和虚拟机平衡。通过对正在进行的资源分配进行自动化,Storage DRS将不再需要IT部门进行监控或干预,同时确保虚拟机保持该政策所定义的服务水平。

最小空间容纳最先进的管理程序架构:VMware vSphere 5是首个完全在 ESXi上开发的VMware vSphere版本, ESXi则是唯一针对独立于通用操作系统而运行的虚拟化而开发的管理程序。通过一个超薄架构,ESXi在不到100MB的空间里提供业界领先的性能、可靠性和可扩展性,能够精简部署和配置,简化打补丁和升级流程,并且提高了安全性。

新许可模式将 “ 池化 ” 优势扩展至技术领域之外

在推出VMware vSphere 5的同时,VMware也改变了产品的授权模式,为客户采用更类似云的IT成本模式(基于用量和价值而不是物理部件和容量)奠定了基础。VMware vSphere 5将继续采用每处理器(CPU)许可模式,不过VMware将取消当前的CPU内核物理限制和每服务器物理RAM限制,代之以基于虚拟化内存池(或称为vRAM)的软件授权模式 。

vRAM池是指客户环境下所有虚拟机配备的内存总数量。每持有一份vSphere 5 CPU许可,购买者可获得特定数量的vRAM,这些vRAM可以在整个vSphere环境下池化,实现真正的基于云或效用计算的IT消费模式。vRAM容量在虚拟机之间的分配不受限制:客户可以配置多个小型虚拟机,也可配置成一个大型虚拟机。VMware vSphere将CPU、内存、存储和网络集结成池,帮助客户实现硬件利用率和效率的最大化。利用这些许可变化,VMware将“池化”的概念由技术领域扩展到业务领域(“池化”正是云计算的基本组件之一),建立基于池化的许可授权,实现利用率和价值的最大化。

VMware vSphere 5仍采用每CPU的许可模式,因此客户可以继续利用已经建立起来的购买、部署和许可管理流程。欲了解有关VMware vSphere 5授权的更多信息,请访问vmware.com/files/pdf/vsphere_pricing.pdf

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│×××××××××××××××××××以下为vSphere v4.x的介绍×××××××××××××××××××│

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What’s New in vSphere 4.1

With this release, the VMware virtual datacenter operating system continues to transform x86 IT infrastructure into the most efficient, shared, on-demand utility, with built-in availability, scalability, and security services for all applications and simple, proactive automated management. The new and enhanced features in vSphere 4.1 are listed below.

* Installation and Deployment

* Storage

* Network

* Availability

* Management

* Platform Enhancements

* Partner Ecosystem

Installation and Deployment

* VMware ESX. VMware vSphere 4.1 and its subsequent update and patch releases are the last releases to include both ESX and ESXi hypervisor architectures. Future major releases of VMware vSphere will include only the VMware ESXi architecture.

o VMware recommends that customers start transitioning to the ESXi architecture when deploying VMware vSphere 4.1.

o VMware will continue to provide technical support for VMware ESX according to the VMware vSphere support policy.

o To learn more about the ESXi architecture and how to migrate from ESX to ESXi, go to the VMware ESX to ESXi Upgrade Center.

* Scripted Install for ESXi. Scripted installation of ESXi to local and remote disks allows rapid deployment of ESXi to many machines. You can start the scripted installation with a CD-ROM drive or over the network by using PXE booting. You cannot use scripted installation to install ESXi to a USB device. See the ESX and vCenter Server Installation Guide, the ESXi Installable and vCenter Server Setup Guide, and the ESXi Embedded and vCenter Server Setup Guide.

* vSphere Client Removal from ESX/ESXi Builds. For ESX and ESXi, the vSphere Client is available for download from the VMware Web site. It is no longer packaged with builds of ESX and ESXi. After installing ESX and ESXi, users are directed to the download page on the VMware Web site to get the compatible vSphere Client for that release. The vSphere Client is still packaged with builds of vCenter Server. See the ESX and vCenter Server Installation Guide, the ESXi Installable and vCenter Server Setup Guide, and the ESXi Embedded and vCenter Server Setup Guide.

Storage

* Boot from SAN. vSphere 4.1 enables ESXi boot from SAN (BFN). iSCSI, FCoE, and Fibre Channel boot are supported. Refer to the Hardware Compatibility Guide for the latest list of NICs and Converged Adapters that are supported with iSCSI boot. See the iSCSI SAN Configuration Guide and the Fibre Channel SAN Configuration Guide.

* Hardware Acceleration with vStorage APIs for Array Integration (VAAI). ESX can offload specific storage operations to compliant storage hardware. With storage hardware assistance, ESX performs these operations faster and consumes less CPU, memory, and storage fabric bandwidth. See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

* Storage Performance Statistics. vSphere 4.1 offers enhanced visibility into storage throughput and latency of hosts and virtual machines, and aids in troubleshooting storage performance issues. NFS statistics are now available in vCenter Server performance charts, as well as esxtop. New VMDK and datastore statistics are included. All statistics are available through the vSphere SDK. See the vSphere Datacenter Administration Guide.

* Storage I/O Control. This feature provides quality-of-service capabilities for storage I/O in the form of I/O shares and limits that are enforced across all virtual machines accessing a datastore, regardless of which host they are running on. Using Storage I/O Control, vSphere administrators can ensure that the most important virtual machines get adequate I/O resources even in times of congestion. See the vSphere Resource Management Guide.

* iSCSI Hardware Offloads. vSphere 4.1 enables 10Gb iSCSI hardware offloads (Broadcom 57711) and 1Gb iSCSI hardware offloads (Broadcom 5709). See the ESX Configuration Guide, the ESXi Configuration Guide, and the iSCSI SAN Configuration Guide.

* NFS Performance Enhancements. Networking performance for NFS has been optimized to improve throughput and reduce CPU usage. See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

Network

* Network I/O Control. Traffic-management controls allow flexible partitioning of physical NIC bandwidth between different traffic types, including virtual machine, vMotion, FT, and IP storage traffic (vNetwork Distributed Switch only). See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

* IPv6 Enhancements. IPv6 in ESX supports Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) with manual keying. See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

* Load-Based Teaming. vSphere 4.1 allows dynamic adjustment of the teaming algorithm so that the load is always balanced across a team of physical adapters on a vNetwork Distributed Switch. See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

* E1000 vNIC Enhancements. E1000 vNIC supports jumbo frames in vSphere 4.1. See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

Availability

* Windows Failover Clustering with VMware HA. Clustered Virtual Machines that utilize Windows Failover Clustering/Microsoft Cluster Service are now fully supported in conjunction with VMware HA. See Setup for Failover Clustering and Microsoft Cluster Service.

* VMware HA Scalability Improvements. VMware HA has the same limits for virtual machines per host, hosts per cluster, and virtual machines per cluster as vSphere. See Configuration Maximums for VMware vSphere 4.1 for details about the limitations for this release.

* VMware HA Healthcheck and Operational Status. The VMware HA dashboard in the vSphere Client provides a new detailed window called Cluster Operational Status. This window displays more information about the current VMware HA operational status, including the specific status and errors for each host in the VMware HA cluster. See the vSphere Availability Guide.

* VMware Fault Tolerance (FT) Enhancements. vSphere 4.1 introduces an FT-specific versioning-control mechanism that allows the Primary and Secondary VMs to run on FT-compatible hosts at different but compatible patch levels. vSphere 4.1 differentiates between events that are logged for a Primary VM and those that are logged for its Secondary VM, and reports why a host might not support FT. In addition, you can disable VMware HA when FT-enabled virtual machines are deployed in a cluster, allowing for cluster maintenance operations without turning off FT. See the vSphere Availability Guide.

* DRS Interoperability for VMware HA and Fault Tolerance (FT). FT-enabled virtual machines can take advantage of DRS functionality for load balancing and initial placement. In addition, VMware HA and DRS are tightly integrated, which allows VMware HA to restart virtual machines in more situations. See the vSphere Availability Guide.

* Enhanced Network Logging Performance. Fault Tolerance (FT) network logging performance allows improved throughput and reduced CPU usage. In addition, you can use vmxnet3 vNICs in FT-enabled virtual machines. See the vSphere Availability Guide.

* Concurrent VMware Data Recovery Sessions. vSphere 4.1 provides the ability to concurrently manage multiple VMware Data Recovery appliances. See the VMware Data Recovery Administration Guide.

* vStorage APIs for Data Protection (VADP) Enhancements. VADP now offers VSS quiescing support for Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 servers. This enables application-consistent backup and restore operations for Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 applications.

Management

* vCLI Enhancements. vCLI adds options for SCSI, VAAI, network, and virtual machine control, including the ability to terminate an unresponsive virtual machine. In addition, vSphere 4.1 provides controls that allow you to log vCLI activity. See the vSphere Command-Line Interface Installation and Scripting Guide and the vSphere Command-Line Interface Reference.

* Lockdown Mode Enhancements. VMware ESXi 4.1 lockdown mode allows the administrator to tightly restrict access to the ESXi Direct Console User Interface (DCUI) and Tech Support Mode (TSM). When lockdown mode is enabled, DCUI access is restricted to the root user, while access to Tech Support Mode is completely disabled for all users. With lockdown mode enabled, access to the host for management or monitoring using CIM is possible only through vCenter Server. Direct access to the host using the vSphere Client is not permitted. See the ESXi Configuration Guide.

* Access Virtual Machine Serial Ports Over the Network. You can redirect virtual machine serial ports over a standard network link in vSphere 4.1. This enables solutions such as third-party virtual serial port concentrators for virtual machine serial console management or monitoring. See the vSphere Virtual Machine Administration Guide.

* vCenter Converter Hyper-V Import. vCenter Converter allows users to point to a Hyper-V machine. Converter displays the virtual machines running on the Hyper-V system, and users can select a powered-off virtual machine to import to a VMware destination. See the vCenter Converter Installation and Administration Guide.

* Enhancements to Host Profiles. You can use Host Profiles to roll out administrator password changes in vSphere 4.1. Enhancements also include improved Cisco Nexus 1000V support and PCI device ordering configuration. See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

* Unattended Authentication in vSphere Management Assistant (vMA). vMA 4.1 offers improved authentication capability, including integration with Active Directory and commands to configure the connection. See VMware vSphere Management Assistant.

* Updated Deployment Environment in vSphere Management Assistant (vMA). The updated deployment environment in vMA 4.1 is fully compatible with vMA 4.0. A significant change is the transition from RHEL to CentOS. See VMware vSphere Management Assistant.

* vCenter Orchestrator 64-bit Support. vCenter Orchestrator 4.1 provides a client and server for 64-bit installations, with an optional 32-bit client. The performance of the Orchestrator server on 64-bit installations is greatly enhanced, as compared to running the server on a 32-bit machine. See the vCenter Orchestrator Installation and Configuration Guide.

* Improved Support for Handling Recalled Patches in vCenter Update Manager. Update Manager 4.1 immediately sends critical notifications about recalled ESX and related patches. In addition, Update Manager prevents you from installing a recalled patch that you might have already downloaded. This feature also helps you identify hosts where recalled patches might already be installed. See the vCenter Update Manager Installation and Administration Guide.

* License Reporting Manager. The License Reporting Manager provides a centralized interface for all license keys for vSphere 4.1 products in a virtual IT infrastructure and their respective usage. You can view and generate reports on license keys and usage for different time periods with the License Reporting Manager. A historical record of the utilization per license key is maintained in the vCenter Server database. See the vSphere Datacenter Administration Guide.

* Power Management Improvements. ESX 4.1 takes advantage of deep sleep states to further reduce power consumption during idle periods. The vSphere Client has a simple user interface that allows you to choose one of four host power management policies. In addition, you can view the history of host power consumption and power cap information on the vSphere Client Performance tab on newer platforms with integrated power meters. See the vSphere Datacenter Administration Guide.

Platform Enhancements

* Performance and Scalability Improvements. vSphere 4.1 includes numerous enhancements that increase performance and scalability.

o vCenter Server 4.1 can support three times more virtual machines and hosts per system, as well as more concurrent instances of the vSphere Client and a larger number of virtual machines per cluster than vCenter Server 4.0. The scalability limits of Linked Mode, vMotion, and vNetwork Distributed Switch have also increased.

o New optimizations have been implemented for AMD-V and Intel VT-x architectures, while memory utilization efficiency has been improved still further using Memory Compression. Storage enhancements have led to significant performance improvements in NFS environments. VDI operations, virtual machine provisioning and power operations, and vMotion have enhanced performance as well.

See Configuration Maximums for VMware vSphere 4.1.

* Reduced Overhead Memory. vSphere 4.1 reduces the amount of overhead memory required, especially when running large virtual machines on systems with CPUs that provide hardware MMU support (AMD RVI or Intel EPT).

* DRS Virtual Machine Host Affinity Rules. DRS provides the ability to set constraints that restrict placement of a virtual machine to a subset of hosts in a cluster. This feature is useful for enforcing host-based ISV licensing models, as well as keeping sets of virtual machines on different racks or blade systems for availability reasons. See the vSphere Resource Management Guide.

* Memory Compression. Compressed memory is a new level of the memory hierarchy, between RAM and disk. Slower than memory, but much faster than disk, compressed memory improves the performance of virtual machines when memory is under contention, because less virtual memory is swapped to disk. See the vSphere Resource Management Guide.

* vMotion Enhancements. In vSphere 4.1, vMotion enhancements significantly reduce the overall time for host evacuations, with support for more simultaneous virtual machine migrations and faster individual virtual machine migrations. The result is a performance improvement of up to 8x for an individual virtual machine migration, and support for four to eight simultaneous vMotion migrations per host, depending on the vMotion network adapter (1GbE or 10GbE respectively). See the vSphere Datacenter Administration Guide.

* ESX/ESXi Active Directory Integration. Integration with Microsoft Active Directory allows seamless user authentication for ESX/ESXi. You can maintain users and groups in Active Directory for centralized user management and you can assign privileges to users or groups on ESX/ESXi hosts. In vSphere 4.1, integration with Active Directory allows you to roll out permission rules to hosts by using Host Profiles. See the ESX Configuration Guide and the ESXi Configuration Guide.

* Configuring USB Device Passthrough from an ESX/ESXi Host to a Virtual Machine. You can configure a virtual machine to use USB devices that are connected to an ESX/ESXi host where the virtual machine is running. The connection is maintained even if you migrate the virtual machine using vMotion. See the vSphere Virtual Machine Administration Guide.

* Improvements in Enhanced vMotion Compatibility. vSphere 4.1 includes an AMD Opteron Gen. 3 (no 3DNow!™) EVC mode that prepares clusters for vMotion compatibility with future AMD processors. EVC also provides numerous usability improvements, including the display of EVC modes for virtual machines, more timely error detection, better error messages, and the reduced need to restart virtual machines. See the vSphere Datacenter Administration Guide.

Partner Ecosystem

* vCenter Update Manager Support for Provisioning, Patching, and Upgrading EMC's ESX PowerPath Module. vCenter Update Manager can provision, patch, and upgrade third-party modules that you can install on ESX, such as EMC's PowerPath multipathing software. Using the capability of Update Manager to set policies using the Baseline construct and the comprehensive Compliance Dashboard, you can simplify provisioning, patching, and upgrade of the PowerPath module at scale. See the vCenter Update Manager Installation and Administration Guide.

* User-configurable Number of Virtual CPUs per Virtual Socket. You can configure virtual machines to have multiple virtual CPUs reside in a single virtual socket, with each virtual CPU appearing to the guest operating system as a single core. Previously, virtual machines were restricted to having only one virtual CPU per virtual socket. See the vSphere Virtual Machine Administration Guide.

* Expanded List of Supported Processors. The list of supported processors has been expanded for ESX 4.1. To determine which processors are compatible with this release, use the Hardware Compatibility Guide. Among the supported processors is the Intel Xeon 7500 Series processor, code-named Nehalem-EX (up to 8 sockets).

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2010年7月17日,重新上传vCenter源;附加esx4.0-4.1、esxi4.0-4.1升级包。

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2010年7月23日,增加Dell定制的ESXi4.1;原文件名:VMware-VMvisor-InstallerCD-4.1-260247.i386_DellCustomized_A00.iso

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2010年8月02日,增加ESXi3.5-ESXi4.1升级包;原文件名:upgrade-from-ESXi3.5-to-4.1.0-0.0.260247-release.zip

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2010年08月19日,增加"pre-upgrade-from-ESX4.0-to-4.1.0-0.0.260247-release.zip"

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2010年09月11日,增加"VMware-vShield-Manager-4.1.0-287872.ova"

注:ova是一种预先设置好了的虚拟机“模板”,导入后就可以使用。

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2011年03月06日,增加"VMware vShield 4.1u1"相关资源

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2011年03月26日,增加“VMwareDataRecovery 1.2.1”相关资源

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2011年04月14日,增加“VMware Workstation 2011”相关资源

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2011年06月01日,增加"vSphere 4.0u3"部分资源

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2011年06月29日,增加"vCenter Converter Standalone 5.0 Beta"资源

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2011年08月26日,增加"vSphere 5.0"资源(逐步上传,无VSA资源)

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2011年09月03日,增加vSphere 5.0相关说明以及“vCenter Converter Standalone 5.0”正式版资源(beta版的资源即将删除)

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2011年11月06-08日,完善及增加"vSphere 4.0u3"和"vSphere 4.1u2"资源。

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2011年12月22日,增加了"ESXi4.1"和"ESXi5.0"的补丁包资源。

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